Tag Archives: controlled societies

Science Fiction Today – Overpopulation

OOverpopulation continues to be a point of discussion in the world at large and is usually a part of whatever future is being told in a Science Fiction story. The number of people in the world and in the universe makes a difference on resources and on survivability. Throughout history we have been able to increase the capacity for human survival. At the same time what does this look like in the potential futures?

There are a few different options that I have seen in stories. One, is the expansion of humans beyond the usual limits, whether that is building up or expanding beyond the Earth. Another option is a little more sinister and that is control over the population, whether that is the release of a virus to culling the population or laws around procreation. Both of these are methods for dealing with overpopulation.

Expanding Beyond

This kind of follows along with how humanity has dealt with overpopulation so far and that is to expand. One way this expansion is seen in Science Fiction is the increase in building and living space. In many stories the skyscrapers are taller and the living spaces smaller. Just think of the giant skyscraper apartment Bruce Willis lives in in the Fifth Element. The human population just keeps growing and we keep raising the limit for what can be handled.

When you make boats that fly, you know you're building tall! Found on http://metropolisoftomorrow.tumblr.com/post/687346140/fifth-element-by-pineapples101

When you make boats that fly, you know you’re building tall!
Found on Tumblr

The other expansion that is seen in stories is expansion into the stars and other planets. Many Science Fiction stories are about the way that humans have expanded into the stars and have populated a multitude of planets. All of this is about finding more living spaces and finding more resources in order for the human race to survive.


The other direction that can be taken to solve overpopulation is to control the population in some ways. One form of control is through rules and law about procreation. This can be done through limiting the number of children that people are allowed to have – like in Ender’s Game. This can be difficult to enforce unless you figure out someway to basically make people unable to have kids unless they are approved or make it that everyone adopts and no one has kids naturally. This would be a way to limit the population, but would require controlling the population.

The other option that is often presented in stories is one where the powerful recognize there is a resource issue in the world and decide that the population needs to be culled. Usually this entails introducing some sort of virus or plague that either will not kill everyone or that some people have be immunized against. This brings down the population numbers and helps save vital resources at a huge cost. This is another form of control over the population partly because it is a few deciding the good for the many and who has the right to make that decision? 

Of course, control can backfire, like in The Restaurant at the End of the Universe, where the upper classes send away the lower classes from their planet – and then all die of a preventable disease because all the cleaning people are gone. But what stories are you thinking of?

This post is part of the April A to Z Challenge, and also part of our occasional series on Science Fiction Today. You can read an explanation of both here. We are striving to keep these posts short, and know that we have not covered every example or angle – plenty of room for discussion!

Nutrition and Fitness of the Future

I know – who really wants to talk about nutrition and fitness? It tends to be a topic that many avoid. We all know that certain things are bad for us and we do it anyway. There is something interesting to how science fiction deals with nutrition and fitness. We track so many things manually already, but what happens when more and more of our lives can be tracked? People are already worried about others, particularly the government, getting ahold of their information, what happens when even more is tracked?

In many science fiction stories where there is a controlled society, one of the big things that is usually covered is nutrition and fitness. In the controlled societies they usually make sure that people only eat certain foods, drink certain things, and are forced in to some form of fitness regime. A lot of times these circumstances arise from a society that pays fully for its citizens, which also means that they control those citizens. What we eat and our fitness can have a lot to do with how long we live, when we work, and how much money we spend to keep ourselves healthy in the long run.

I caught The Island on TV recently, and it got me thinking about these questions, in a society where the health of all of the people – well, of the clones – was essential. They tracked what they ate and the exercise they did to have them in the best shape. On the one hand, they were healthy. On the other, did they have any control over their lives? These are the questions I’m considering. Continue reading