Vaccines and immunizations are a huge topic in today’s world and extremely controversial, which is part of the reason that looking at where science fiction goes with immunizations is so much more interesting. There are so many facets with where immunizations go in science fiction stories. For some stories it is not brought up at all because the hows of a healthy society just do not come up. In some stories we end up with miracle technology that somehow solves all illnesses. People end up scanning themselves every once in a while and the technology has a way to just remove the disease or get rid of the problem.
The other part that often comes up is forced or coercive immunization. Where the government or some entity in power decides that immunization is the best option for society, but feeling that the only way to guarantee that it happens is to either force the issue or do it in a way that people do not know about it.
In many science fiction stories their seems to be a miracle technology that solves all or at least most problems. If you look at Star Trek there are so many common diseases that just do not seem to be around anymore because they seem to be able to solve most known diseases pretty quickly. Then you have Elysium where the rich people have access to a body scanning machine that finds what ails you and solves the problem.
Now these two stories show the two different uses for this sort of technology. One is that it is available to all and society can live longer because of these advancement. The other option is that the technology is only available to those who can afford it, furthering the divide because suddenly the rich can stay healthy and the poor fight for the scraps.
The other option is that we force immunizations onto people because it is believed that it is for the betterment of society. The situation that really comes to mind is Serenity, where it was not about disease, but actually for how society behaves.
At the same time it shows an example of how forced immunization could function. If it was something that could be pumped into the air or put into the water supply would a government or agency go that far? In Serenity it obviously goes very wrong and forcing it on everyone does not work because for some people it would cause complications.
Immunizations are such a complicated topic because of the perceived risks and benefits to not just individuals, but to society as a whole.